But first, let's talk about how criminals were punished in the 15th Century. A quick Google search got this result:
In Arthurian times, punishment was often very harsh according to our current standards. One of the most common crimes was theft. The average person in the 15th century was of lower class, thus many had to steal in order to feed themselves and their families. These offences were punishable by public torture and humiliation, which included: stoning, beating and whipping. In some extreme cases, thieves could be hanged.
Then in comes the problem of plagues in the 15th century. The plague that was most notable at the time was the Bubonic (Black) plaque, spread by fleas (carried by vermin such as rats). It had the worst mortality rate of any disease of the century at 50 - 70%! The outbreak of the plaque spread so quickly that even the Italian writer Boccaccio said its victims often "ate lunch with their friends and dinner with their ancestors in paradise." It started in China and by August of the same year had spread as far as England. They called it "The Black Death" because of the black spots it produced on the skin. Within five years, 25 million people were dead - one third of Europe's population!! After the worst was over, small outbreaks continued for centuries.
So.....In step the Thieves!
The legend is of four thieves who were captured and charged with robbing the people who had died or were dying from the plaque. When they were caught and brought to justice (if you can call 15th century punishment actual justice), the magistrate offered a lesser sentence if they would reveal how they were able to rob and not contract the disease. They shared their recipe of a special concoction of aromatic herbs, including garlic, cloves and rosemary which they rubbed on themselves before committing their crimes.
Now, Thieves is available for your use to protect yourself! Below are some ideas for the use of Thieves, other than the toothpaste recipe. Then further below the information sheet is another link to other products that contain Thieves Essential Oil.